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Gingivectomy is a procedure in which the dentist removes gum tissues from around your teeth and gums. This may be done for medical or cosmetic purposes. If you’re suffering from advanced periodontitis, a gingivectomy procedure may be necessary to remove the infected gum tissues. Alternately, if you have excessive gum tissues, you may opt for gingivectomy for cosmetic purposes.

Sun Ridge Smiles examines your teeth and gums to curate a treatment plan that’s suitable for your needs. We use the most advanced laser gingivectomy procedures to remove and carve your gum tissues. Please continue reading for a detailed discussion of gingivectomy at Sun Ridge Smiles.

Necessity of Gingivectomy

As mentioned previously, gingivectomy may be done for medical or cosmetic purposes. The following is a discussion of how gingivectomy helps you in both cases.

Periodontitis Gingivectomy

Periodontitis is a gum disease that occurs because of bacterial infection in your gum tissues due to the accumulation of plaque and tartar in your mouth and gum line. The bacterial infection spreads to your gums and teeth, which leads to gum recession.

Over time, the infection spreads even further, eventually infecting your bones and entering your bloodstream. If you don’t treat periodontitis at its earliest stage, it will continue spreading and you’ll eventually have to seek much more complicated surgical procedures or you may even have to get your tooth removed.

Periodontitis also causes gum sensitivity, which leads to frequent bleeding and various other issues. During the periodontitis procedure, the dentist will remove your infected gum tissues to prevent the infection from spreading further. Following that, the dentist will remove all of the accumulated plaque and tartar, clean your teeth, and continue with the gingivectomy procedure to carve your gum tissues evenly.

Cosmetic Gingivectomy

The amount of gum tissues in your mouth affects the cosmetic appearance of your smile. If you don’t have enough gum tissues, your teeth look too large. If you have excessive gum tissues, you have a “gummy smile”. With gingivectomy, the dentist can remove the extra gum tissues to enhance your cosmetic appearance and make you look better.

Gingivectomy Procedure

The following is an overview of all the steps of the gingivectomy procedure:

  • First, the dentist injects local anesthesia into the affected gums to numb them and render the procedure painless.
  • With a scalpel or laser, the dentist removes the excess gum tissues from the affected regions.
  • During the procedure, the dental hygienist or assistant will keep using a suction tool to get rid of the saliva so it doesn’t interfere with the procedure.
  • The dentist will gradually remove all the necessary gum tissues and shape the remaining tissues.
  • The dentist will use the laser to vaporize the excess remaining gum tissues and shape the rest along the gum line.
  • Finally, the dentist will apply a protective gel to your gums and place bandages because the gums will be sensitive and to protect them from damage.

Recovery from Gingivectomy

The following are the three stages of recovery from gingivectomy.

  • First Stage: After the anesthesia wears off in a few hours, you’ll experience some pain and discomfort. The dentist will prescribe over-the-counter painkillers like ibuprofen to manage the pain. It’s completely normal for your gums to bleed occasionally and you’ll have to replace the bandages often to facilitate healing.
  • Second Stage: Your jaw will hurt for a few days, which is why your dentist will recommend eating soft food, rinsing your mouth with salt water, and using cold compressors. This will help manage the pain and keep your gums healthy.
  • Third Stage: Within a week, you’ll have recovered completely, though you may occasionally experience some soreness. Your dentist will schedule a follow-up appointment in a week so they can check the progress and make sure nothing is wrong. Following that, you need to go about your daily routine with proper oral hygiene and go for a dental cleaning once every six months to avoid periodontitis.

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Gingivectomy Q&A

The cost of gingivectomy performed on the gum tissues of a single tooth range from $200 to $400. If gingivectomy needs to be performed on several teeth, the dentist may provide a discount rate as well. Discuss the cost of gingivectomy treatment with your dentist.

Gingivectomy is a minimally-invasive and simple procedure that generally concludes within an hour. However, the exact duration of the procedure depends on the amount of tissues that need to be removed. If gum tissues need to be removed from several teeth, you may also need to come back for additional sittings. The number of sessions depends on the number of teeth from which gum tissues need to be removed. Discuss the details with your dentist.

Gingivectomy may be used for both medical or cosmetic reasons. It involves the dentist removing excessive or infected gum tissues. Gingivoplasty is a cosmetic procedure in which the dentist shapes the existing gum tissues without removing any tissues.

Traditionally, gingivectomy used to be done with a scalpel — a procedure that had a higher risk of complications, was more painful and wasn’t as accurate. However, laser gingivectomy is a modern treatment in which the dentist uses a laser to remove excess tissues. This is a lot more effective, it’s highly accurate, and it cauterizes the wound better so your gums heal almost immediately.

Schedule your Gingivectomy Appointment

Sun Ridge Smiles is one of the best dental clinics and our highly-qualified dentists use laser gingivectomy to treat your gum tissues without any pain, discomfort, or side effects. For more information, please schedule your gingivectomy appointment today.