Guided tissue bone regeneration is a procedure used to facilitate regrowth and regeneration of soft and hard tissues — gums and bone — after periodontal disease. Gum disease or periodontitis is a condition in which you suffer from bacterial infection, which leads to gum infection and dental decay. If you treat gum disease at an early stage, you don’t suffer from gum and bone loss, which means you won’t need guided tissue bone regeneration. However, if you don’t treat gum disease promptly, the bacterial infection spreads into your gums and bone, thus necessitating this procedure. At Sun Ridge Smiles, we carefully assess the damage caused by periodontitis and treat it accordingly. Please continue reading for a detailed discussion of the guided tissue bone regeneration procedure.
About Guided Tissue Bone Regeneration
Guided tissue bone regeneration is similar to a bone grafting procedure. During this procedure, the dentist uses grafting material or a membrane to facilitate the regeneration of your lost bone and gum tissues.
The dentist plants the membrane or the bone grafting material — derived from an animal, another individual, another part of the patient’s body, or synthetic materials — inside the gum flaps of the affected region after creating an incision.
The cells from the periasteum of the grafting material reach the tooth’s root and trigger bone regeneration. Over time, the stitches and the bone graft material and membrane will get absorbed by the body and replaced by the natural gum and bone tissues. This will treat or reverse the damage inflicted by gum disease.
Necessity of Guided Tissue Bone Regeneration
The following are the two main reasons you should seek guided tissue bone regeneration.
Treating Damage Caused by Periodontitis
The primary reason you need guided bone tissue regeneration is to reverse the damage inflicted by periodontitis. So what is periodontitis anyway?
No matter how well you brush your teeth, you can never get rid of all the food particles stuck between your teeth. Over time, these food particles turn into plaque, which eventually hardens into tartar — both of which invite bacterial decay and infection. It’s impossible to remove all the plaque and tartar with a simple brush. You need to go for regular dental cleaning appointments so the dentist can remove the accumulated plaque and tartar.
If you avoid dental cleaning appointments, the plaque and tartar will continue accumulating, which will lead to severe bacterial decay and infection. When that happens, periodontitis leads to the formation of gum abscesses, i.e., pockets of pus form between your gum and teeth. The infection also spreads into the bone structure under your gums, which eventually leads to bone and gum loss.
Guided tissue bone regeneration is necessary because it helps get rid of the infection and reverse some of the damage caused by periodontitis. In order to treat periodontitis, it’s necessary to remove all the infected tissues. However, that leaves your teeth in a weakened state without sufficiency gum and bone structure. This procedure helps regenerate the bone and gum tissues, which restores your oral health.
Preventing Bone Loss after Tooth Removal
Have you suffered tooth loss recently — either intentionally or due to periodontitis? If so, you should opt for guided bone regeneration as a preventative measure. When you lose a tooth, the jawbone under the empty socket of the tooth no longer has any stimulus, which leads to stagnancy and bone loss. Within a year of tooth loss, you lose about 25% of your jawbone as well.
Guided bone regeneration helps avoid that. But why is that necessary? Well, there may come a time when you want to replace the missing tooth. Dental implants are titanium or metallic frameworks screwed into the jawbone of the missing tooth to serve as an artificial root for dental crowns and dental bridges. Dental implants are some of the best possible replacements for missing teeth because they become a part of your body. However, you can only get dental implants if you have sufficient bone structure.
Guided bone regeneration prevents bone loss at the site of the missing tooth and also helps with bone regeneration. As such, it keeps your jawbone intact so you can later get dental implants if you so choose.
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Guided Tissue Bone Regeneration Q&A
Guided tissue regeneration and guided bone regeneration are similar procedures but they still have different purposes. The following is a brief overview of the specifics of guided tissue regeneration and guided bone regeneration.
- Guided Tissue Regeneration: This procedure is used to help with gum tissue regeneration after you’ve suffered the loss of soft tissues. During this procedure, soft membranes are planted within the gum flaps to reverse the damage caused by periodontitis.
- Guided Bone Regeneration: This procedure is used to help with bone regeneration after you’ve suffered the loss of bone structure. During this procedure, the grafting material is used — derived from sources like animals, other people, other parts of your body, or synthetic materials — to facilitate jawbone regeneration. This is done to reverse the damage caused by periodontitis or to prepare your jawbone for dental implants.
Gum grafts and soft membranes are used during the regeneration of gum tissues. If you’ve suffered bone loss and have a shrinking jaw, you’ll need to opt for guided bone regeneration or bone grafting. This means you’ll need bone grafting material that can be planted within the gum flaps of the affected region to strengthen your jawbone and prevent it from shrinking.
Schedule your Guided Tissue Bone Regeneration Appointment
Sun Ridge Smiles carefully examines your gum and bone tissues to curate a treatment plan that’s perfect for your specific needs. We use the latest procedures and treatments to facilitate gum and bone regeneration. For more information, please schedule your guided tissue bone regeneration appointment today.